Types of Legal Guardianship

Personal Injury Lawyers 317-881-2700

Personal Injury Lawyers 317-881-2700

In the case that an adult cannot make decisions for themselves, whether mentally or medically incapacitated, the state provides laws that allows an appointed individual to make decisions for them. These individuals are referred as guardians or conservators, and the people they are making important decisions for are referred to as wards. A person can be determined “incapacitated” when they lack the capacity to make responsible decisions regarding their life.

There are actually seven basic forms of legal guardianship, all of which we will define and discuss in this blog. Continue reading to learn more about the seven types of legal guardianship, and who to talk to for more information pertaining this topic and more.

Guardians and Conservators

In many states, these two terms are used interchangeably; however, in other states, the terms are used to describe a separate set of agendas. For example, a guardian has the power to make decisions for the ward, while a conservator is in charge of a ward’s property, assets, and finances. These roles are also referred to as “guardian of estate” or “guardian of person.”

Some wards require complete guardianship over all aspects of their lives, while others need less. Some wards are capable of managing themselves, but need help managing finances and property. Other wards require several types of guardianship, and retain it through a set of individuals, each responsible for a certain aspect of the ward’s life. Here are the seven most common types of conservatorship:

Limited Guardianship

In the case that a ward can make some, but not all, decisions for his or her life, they will be appointed a conservator with limited guardianship. This guardian has restricted control of a ward’s life.

Plenary Guardianship

Quite the opposite of limited guardianship, plenary conservatorship gives a person complete control of a ward’s life, property, and finances.

Short-Term Guardianship

If a legal guardian needs a person to stand-in for a short amount of time, they can appoint a “short-term” guardian without legal consent from court or judge. For example, if a guardian has to serve jury duty or be hospitalized, they can appoint a replacement guardian for a temporary amount of time.

Temporary Guardianship

In contrast to short-term conservators, temporary guardianship is used for cases of extreme and immediate emergencies. A person appointed as temporary guardian usually only retains the role for no more than 8 weeks; however this varies from state to state.

Testamentary Guardianship

A legal guardian can name another person in his or her will that will be their successor as legal guardian to a particular ward. This does require court approval.

Successor Guardianship

In the case that a legal conservator resigns, dies, or becomes incapable of fulfilling their role as guardian, a successor guardian is appointed. This person is either named in the original guardian’s will, or is appointed afterwards.

Standby Guardianship

When a new guardian has to be appointed, a standby guardian steps in for immediate backup. Until the legal documents and court approvals are complete, the standby guardian fills-in so there is no gap between conservators.

Craven, Hoover, and Blazek P.C.

Personal Injury Lawyers Indianapolis, Indiana 317-881-2700

Personal Injury Lawyers Indianapolis, Indiana 317-881-2700

Call Craven, Hoover, and Blazek P.C. at 317-881-2700 for personal injury claims in Indianapolis, Indiana. Attorneys, Daniel Craven, Keith Blazek, and Ralph Hoover retain extensive trial and litigation experience in accident law. We offer free initial consultations and never collect lawyer fees unless we win your case. Call 317-881-2700 to learn more about filing a personal injury claim in Indianapolis, IN today.