Torts are civil wrong-doings, or immoral behaviors and actions against people. The law identifies a tort as immoral, and approves it as grounds for a lawsuit. Most often, torts come with severe consequences, like serious injuries and death; consequences that can establish a victim’s right to make a personal injury claim against the at-fault party.
Tort law is one to appreciate since it protects us and our loved ones from wrongful offenses. Take a look below to learn some of the most interesting facts about the history of tort law in our country to gain a deeper appreciation for our national judicial system.
Tort law was established to serve 4 particular objectives: 1) to compensate victims for the injuries they’ve suffered as a result of another’s actions or inactions; 2) to transfer the cost of related damages and losses to the culpable party, such as hospital bills, medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and more; 3) to set an example and prevent harmful, reckless, and negligent behaviors in the future; and 4) to justify the legal rights and welfares of the victim that were compromised, diminished, or made powerless.
The term, “tort” is derived from the Latin word, “torquere”, which translates to “twisted” or “wrong.” Centuries ago, the British legal system did not recognize torts as a means of separate legal action. Instead, English Common Law provided victims of tort with two primary methods of recompense, which were trespass for direct injuries, and actions “on the case” for indirect injuries. In fact, tort law originated with the action of trespass.
Eventually, over the course of several years, the British legal system acquired other types of civil actions, including defamation actions like slander and libel. See our blog, “The Legal Concepts Surrounding Libel, Slander, and Defamation of Character” to understand the difference between these two types of civil actions. By the 18th century, most American colonies began to adopt England’s common law system. And at the start of the 19th century, the first U.S. legal treatises were published. Within these treatises, a portion of the British common law were created under the heading of torts.
Tort Law Today
Tort law has monumentally progressed over the last two centuries, recognizing virtually all civil wrong-doings under law. In today’s judicial system, tort law protects people, businesses, employees, the environment, and much more. Common categories of tort law today include both intentional and non-intentional torts, such as defamation of character, workers’ compensation, wrongful death, premise liability, product defects, medical malpractice, and general personal injuries. If you were recently injured in an accident or suffered harm to your reputation, all at not fault of your own, you may be eligible to collect compensation for your subsequent losses and damages.
Contact a Personal Injury Law Firm Today
If you believe you or your loved one is a victim of a personal injury in Indiana, contact the Law office of Craven, Hoover, and Blazek P.C. at 317-881-2700 to schedule a free initial consultation. Our seasoned Indianapolis personal injury lawyers can help you recover the full and fair compensation you deserve. We offer free initial consultations and never collect lawyer fees unless we prevail for you. Schedule your free meeting, today.